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A sprain is a traumatic affection of one or more ligaments. This traumatic injury can be a simple stretching of the ligament (mild sprain), a partial tear of some ligament fibers (moderately severe sprain), or total rupture of the ligament (severe sprain).
Ligaments are structures constituting tensioned stay cables on either side of a joint. They allow the articular surfaces to remain in contact during the movements and thus ensure the stabilization of the joint.
After trauma, the joint may undergo excessive torque resulting ligament injury.
There are two primary ligaments at the ankle, a lateral collateral ligament (LCL) and a medial collateral ligament (MCL) on each side of the ankle, they are stretched between the tibia / fibula top and the talus / calcaneus below. The LLE is composed of three bundles (anterior, middle and posterior).
An external ankle sprain is an injury to the LLE. When certain sports such as football or tennis, trauma torsional and / or inversion of the foot will lead to ligament injuries. In most cases, the sprain is partial and it is a mild sprain of the lateral collateral ligament (anterior bundle).
However before this type of accident should always be considered a complete rupture of the three beams of the LLE which requires specific therapeutic management. For the achievement of 3 beams of LLE defines a severe ankle sprain.
In the immediate aftermath of a sprained must stop all activities, apply ice if possible, set up a simple bandage or splint. It is necessary to consult in an emergency service in case of severe discomfort, to eliminate a serious pathology (fracture, dislocation ...) In any case, it is advisable to consult your doctor in the days following the accident .
Medical treatment consists of immobilization in an ankle brace of variable length depending on the damage, analgesics and anti-inflammatory daily icing the ankle to reduce pain and hematoma, rehabilitation through physiotherapy to start quickly to prevent joint stiffness and muscle atrophy. The judgment of the sport depends on the severity of the injury.
Except in exceptional cases, there is no indication to operate an ankle sprain. In severe sprain with lesion of 3 beams of LLE, surgical intervention may be necessary.
The main objective of the study was to compare the performance of GNRB┬« and that of Telos Ôäó in the diagnosis of a partial tear of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) methods. A prospective study from January to December 2011 included all patients with partial or complete tear of the ACL reconstruction without prior with a healthy contralateral knee. The anterior laxity was measured in all patients by the Ôäó T├ęlos and GNRB┬«. read lsuite ...
The rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most common injuries in athletes. Many studies have shown that equivalent practical level the risk of ACL injury in women was four to seven times higher than in men [1-4]. In the US, approximately 38,000 ACL injuries in female athletes occur per year .
The main goal of this study Was to compare the results of the GNRB arthrometer To Those of Telos TM in the diagnosis of partial thickness tears of the anterior cru- ciate ligament (ACL). A prospective study Performed January- December 2011 included all patients presenting with a partial or full-thickness tears ACL without ACL recon- struction and with a healthy contralateral knee. Anterior laxity Was Measured in all patients by the Telos TM and GNRB├ĺ devices.
Women have four to eight times more likely than men to have a ruptured anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). This risk seems more important during the pre-ovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle than during the post-ovulatory phase. The main objective of the study was to describe the distribution of ACL injuries during the menstrual cycle in a large recreational skiers population.
The high and complete rupture of the hamstring tendons, tendon avulsion, at the ischial is rare. The severity of the injury is often underestimated. There is no consensus on treatment. Functional treatment of these lesions simply by immobilization in a splint flexion knee gives bad results, unlike the early surgical treatment and / or late.
The meniscus is a small wedge between the two knee bones. At the top is the femur, the thigh bone. Downstairs there is the tibia, the leg bones. The bottom of the femur is rather round and the top of the tibia appears much flatter. These two bones do not fit together well. The menisci that allow a better insertion of the tibia on the femur. There are two menisci in each knee.