Sports clinic Paris
Metro: Saint Marcel
Parking 6 rue test
The information provided on this website is provided by medical professionals: sports doctors, rheumatologists, functional rehabilitation doctors, orthopedic, clinical surgeons sport, podiatrist sports meeting within the group "chirurgiedusport.com"
Author: Dr St├ęphane Cascua
Excerpt from "Food for athletes," Editions Amphora
The body does not lack of creatine
Creatine is naturally produced by the body and brought in sufficient quantities from food. The meat also take creatine for muscle contains animal too. Eggs, fish and dairy products are also used to make creatine. Indeed, the latter is formed from three amino acids used in the formation of proteins. Yet creatine supplementation is very popular in the sports speed and strength.
Creatine stores energy for sprints and jumps.
Creatine allows the synthesis of a substance rich in energy the "creatine phosphate" used directly by muscle fibers. This substance is readily available but very limited amount stored in the muscle, it allows a succession of violent contractions in less than 7 seconds. supplementation protocols were tested to try to increase reserves to extend the maximum speed phase during sprints or in order to multiply the acceleration in team sport. Unfortunately, these studies are not always rigorous. They show a small improvement in performance in athletes modest level. At the diligent athlete, it seems that the drive is sufficient to increase creatine phosphate stock. Body-builders use creatine as diluted in the muscle, it retains water and increases muscle volume.
Creatine supplementation is strongly discouraged
Anyway the "creatine" are prohibited for sale in France because its safety for health is not demonstrated. That answers the "precautionary principle". Possible side effects clearly outweigh the expected benefits. In high quantities, creatine can damage the kidneys and turn into a carcinogenic substance. In addition, the available online products have a particularly uncertain composition. Some providers do not hesitate to add cheap anabolic for increasing the apparent effectiveness of their products. This time, the risk to health is well documented and the competitive sports will be found positive in doping control!
For more information, order: "Food for sport" about: www.ed-amphora.fr
Around a recent need, the treatment of pathologies related to the sport, the former Clinique Saint-Fran├žois, now Sport Clinic, was taken over by General of Health in 2002. The renewal of the medical staff with surgical team renowned helped to design and implement a medical and scientific project based on the quality of practice. G├ęn├ęrale de Sant├ę has worked to support this project, including through an intense program of renovation and careful management of human resources.
Today, the sport of Clinic is a hyper-specialized private institution under agreement in orthopedics, traumatology and sports medicine.
Medical and surgical consultations highly specialized, a reference imaging and functional rehabilitation recognized competence guarantee our patients the best care for diseases of the musculoskeletal system, either degenerative or related to physical activity.
The rupture of the Achilles tendon in athletes, is a rare event that usually occurs during the 3rd decade in athletes and 4th among the sedentary. The break often occurs when an eccentric effort (Work together a muscle elongation instead of the normal shortening) as a startup, acceleration or landing from a jump. Read more ......
Attention! This is no shock absorbing soles, type "ready to wear" sold in stores. No, they are "haute couture", tailored to your injury and imperfections of your stride. They are made ??"to measure" by a podiatrist sports. He knows the injuries encountered in sports. It does not use cork or leather. It uses synthetic materials flexibility cleverly distributed, which tolerate sweat and mechanical stress.
Iron is essential to your health and performance. It is a central component of hemoglobin. The latter is contained in red blood cells and gives it color. It is the iron that captures oxygen when blood passes through the lungs. It carries the precious gas to muscles. When they arrived, it drops its cargo which then allows the burning of energy substances and muscle contraction.
When you run or when you jump, your heels hit the ground and the fat pad of the foot of the plant is crushed. It is through many blood vessels. These red blood cells burst and release their hemoglobin. Iron is released into the blood and pass into urine.
Muscle contains a twin sister of hemoglobin, myoglobin. The latter also contains a lot of iron which sets some oxygen. This small local reserve allows starting the contraction before the blood vessels do not provide the necessary complement. When you experience aches, your muscle membranes are victims of micro-fissures. Myoglobin and iron leaves the muscle and gaining the blood. The precious metal is eliminated in the urine.
When you make an effort, the majority of blood flow is directed towards your muscles. There remains very little to the digestive tract and the bladder wall. These organs suffer from lack of oxygen and are shaken with every stride. Small areas are damaged and start to bleed. Red blood cells and iron are lost in the feces and in urine.
You enter the assiduous why athletes often lack iron, especially if they do not take care to concoct "menus and recipes" adapted. Sports are even more concerned since all these iron losses are added the massive elimination of blood during menstruation!
That is why it is good to occasionally perform a blood test to assess the stock in body iron. This levy is necessary when it comes to review a state of fatigue. It unnecessary to dose iron in the blood because the body is able to keep within the limits of normal while the reserves are at their lowest! It is necessary to measure levels of "serum ferritin" because this structure is the storage form of iron.
Each sports movement constitutes a solicitation for the bone structure. At each reception process, the tibia runner undergoes vibratory impacts. Unrolling not, the hiker twists slightly small bone in his foot. Even the body-builders, powerfully contracting its muscles, pulls on his bone.
Each strain injures a little bone of sports. Fortunately, during the rest period, the bone trying to rebuild. If time allows, if they bring him the necessary food, it is repaired! It reconstructs even louder than before as if to prepare for new mechanical attacks. This phenomenon is called by coaches cycle decompensation / overcompensation. This process has been described in many body organs and functions: muscle, stock energy, hormones, etc. It is a key driver of growth.
Thus, it was shown that the well-trained marathoner had stronger bones than sedentary. Indeed, its more dense bone structure, higher in fiber and calcium. In addition, the microscopic architecture of the bone is perfectly oriented along the axis of mechanical stresses.
Indeed, the chemical structure of the bone is comparable to reinforced concrete. The protein network is the steel rods. Calcium is comparable to concrete mired these metal axes. At the hip and pelvis direction of the bone structure is very characteristic. On a radiograph, it is found that the fibers leave the femur, the thigh bone, tilt in, come from hip to withstand the weight of the body resting on the hips. The lines of force from the right leg and left leg meet in the middle of the basin and support each other in the manner of the nave of a church.
Physical activity associated with a sufficiently high protein diet, vitamin D and calcium is a great engine of bone construction. This cocktail is particularly useful to hinge periods of life. During growth, it is necessary to eat 4-5 dairy products every day to build strong bones. It should also move: it is essential to practice a sport requiring the running and jumping at least 3 times a week for 30 minutes. In the absence of impact, bones harden less. It has been shown that a young competitive swimmer had lower bone density than sedentary because he was deprived of gravity during those long hours of pool training. In addition, bone densification stops 25 years. At this age you have made up your bone capital for life!
In adulthood, sport reinforces very hard bone and the amount of calcium necessary for the maintenance of bone is still debated. In case of fracture, the rest of the broken area needed a few weeks to allow to "ensnare" the broken area. In addition, gradually increasing mechanical stress are indispensable to "mechanize" the callus. Again, they help to guide the fabric of the bone in the center of the constraints to prepare him for his mission. An increase in calcium intake in consolidation period is proposed by some doctors without that interest has been really shown.
After menopause, the bone structure is gradually degraded to make the brittle bones is osteoporosis. Ladies, remember, your resistance to hip fracture depends on your diet and your sport for 25 years! If physical activity after menopause can no longer denser bones, reduces the loss of bone tissue. So it is advisable to go see jumping around or jog. It is also good to make the soft gym to maintain bone strength to strength. To make the most of this stimulation, it is again necessary to take 4-5 dairy products daily. It should also go out every day to enjoy the sun and make the vitamin D essential for the absorption and calcium binding. Fresh coordinating sports such as Thai Chi or "balance workshops" have proven effective in reducing the risk of falls and fractures.
If the sporting activity is excessive, the micro-cracks caused by impacts on the bones fail to consolidate over the rest. Rather, these lesions worsen in the next workout. Finally the splits right through bone, it breaks without any violent trauma. It is the stress fracture. In a postmenopausal woman, it was demonstrated that 6 hours of sport load per week may be sufficient to break insidiously bones. Among younger adults, this type of injury is favored by dietary deficiencies and hormonal disorders. Lack of calcium, vitamin D and protein alters the rebuild bone victim of microcracks in the exercise. Insufficiency sex hormones reduces the stimulation microscopic chemical plants be responsible for the synthesis of bone tissue. Functional changes occur when the deep depletion of the body. That kind of burnout is most often diagnosed in women because it causes menstrual irregularities and a cessation of menses. The victim is found in a state of "early menopause". In humans this hormone suffering is more insidious but it exists and its effects on bone density are comparable. The sports overwork cocktail, dietary deficiencies and disappearance of rules typically found in young women anorexic. Faced with a stress fracture, the sports physician must remain vigilant. It should not simply treat a "bone". It has an obligation to support a whole person, he is responsible for seeking overtraining or behavioral disorders.