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Anatomy of the menisci

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Definition:

The meniscus is semilunar fibrocartilage (orange area) triangular cut.
Each knee has two menisci, a medial meniscus and a lateral meniscus.
They are "shock absorbers" of the knee: they have a role in the transmission and distribution constraints. They increase joint congruency and stabilization of the knee. They allow shock absorption and protection of cartilage.

Doctor Nicolas LEFEVRE, Doctor Serge HERMAN, Doctor Yoann BOHU. - 13 f├ęvrier 2012.

Conflicts of interest: the author or authors have no conflicts of interest concerning the data published in this article.

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Knee Anatomy, anterior cruciate ligament, internal and external ligament, meniscus knee scheme.

Knee Anatomy, anterior cruciate ligament, internal and external ligament, meniscus knee scheme.

By Dr. Nicolas LEFEVRE , Dr. Serge HERMAN , Dr. Yoan BOHU .

At the top is the femur, the thigh bone. Downstairs there is the tibia, the leg bones. The bottom of the femur is rather round and the top of the tibia appears much flatter. The menisci are small blocks located between the two knee bones.

Anatomie_cheville_ligament_lateral_externe ASTRAGALE calcaneus

Anatomy of the ankle: lateral collateral ligament.

By Dr. Nicolas LEFEVRE , Dr. Serge HERMAN , Dr. St├ęphane Cascua .

There are two primary ligaments at the ankle, a lateral collateral ligament (LCL) and a medial collateral ligament (MCL) on each side of the ankle, they are stretched between the tibia / fibula top ....

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Lateral collateral ligament of the knee

By Dr. Nicolas LEFEVRE , Dr. Yoan BOHU , Dr. Serge HERMAN .

Lateral collateral ligament (LCL)
Ligament of the outer side of the knee
Short ligament, and tubular end
It is stretched between the femur top
and the fibular head down
It allows external stabilization of the knee

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